Artificial intelligence (AI) explained

Scientists use the term „artificial intelligence“ to describe an area of computer science. The aim is to transfer certain aspects of human thought to computers and thus to build machines that can solve problems independently. Artificial intelligence is basically an algorithm. There are the following two types of AI’s.

Weak AI
It’s artificial intelligence that specializes in just one area. Weak artificial intelligence is already used in many areas of everyday life. Some examples are:

  • Speech recognition
  • Email spam filter
  • Character or text recognition
  • Image recognition
  • Individual control of advertising
  • Automated translation
  • Navigation systems

Strong AI
The strong AI aims to create an intelligence that mechanized human thinking, or to construct and build a machine that reacts intelligently or behaves like a human being. So far it has not been possible to develop a strong artificial intelligence. And also the discussion, whether the development of such an intelligence is possible at all, continues. However, the majority of researchers now agree that strong AI will be developed, but they do not agree on when this will happen.

The crucial difference between weak and strong AI’s is that a weak AI developed for speech recognition, for example, cannot transfer its conclusions to another area. A strong AI could do that.

„The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.“

Stephen Hawking

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